Born in Athens in 469 B.C. Socrates was the son of poor parents. His father was a sculptor and mothers a mid-wife. Nothing is known about the early education of Socrates.
He grew as an adult very much unnoticed by the people around him and took up the occupation of his father. But soon, Socrates on of his father. But soon, Socrates felt a divine vocation to examine himself questioning other men.
Thus he used to other men. Thus he used to visit people in the streets, in the market places, the gymnasia, and at other places and engaged them and engaged them in discussion concerning wall,
politics, marriage, love, house-keeping, friendship,
His main topics of discussion were the moral aims and ideals and virtues and trades, poetry, science. His range of knowledge and discussion covered the entire life, theoretical as well as practical. He was not interested in the physical
were the human life itself particularly the life of read
great physical and moral courage.
This was seen in kind and gentle and had a great sense of humour. He ever, keenly interested in the physical world. He gave so many example. This was seen in his performance in war time. This gradually increased the number of his enemies.
The prediction of the oracle of Deputation Socrates was the wisest man of Athens also caused so many enemies around him. The people around him gradually started talking him.
As the number of his admirers grew so also grew the number of his enemies against him. An ultimately, a complaint was lodged with the state that Socrates was corrupting the youth atheism.
He was tried in the court and so many witnesses were produced this trial the words of Socrates concerning death, virtue and so many other important things have become historical.
However, he was condemned to death. In jail, his friends need to persuade him to escape. He, however, refused and pointed out that everyone must by the laws of the state even at the cost of his death.
He was given hemlock which he drank cheerfully and embraced death. In the whole history of humanity there had been no greater humanist, philosopher and lover of wisdom than Socrates. This short, stocky, stout, blear-eyed and snub-nosed man,with a large mouth and thick lips, careless in his dress, clumsy and uncouth, was perhaps the most beloved teacher of his disciples.
This is amply clear by the writings of his main disciple Plato.
The SOPHIST PREDECESSORS
About the fourth or the third century before the Christian era, a new school of teaching
came into being in Greece. The enlargement of the intellectual horizon resulting from the unrest that ensued demanded a class of men who could impart quickly every kind of knowledge.
All sorts of conditions were pressed into the service of education and classed
under the general title ‘Sophist’ to satisfy this demand. The teaching of the sophists was unsystematic. It was also limited to the few who could pay for it. Socrates said, ‘As for myself, I am the first to confess that I have never had a teacher, although I have always
from my earliest youth desired to have one.